Positive moves in the right direction … time will tell! But still no one looking at the situation with the children that are living on the streets having escaped their situation or those being trafficked across the border! We mustn’t forget, C.R.E.E.R started due to ‘M’ who was in domestic servitude. The figures to find out the ratio of trafficking victims that go into cocoa, domestic servitude or prostitution would be interesting but probably very difficult to obtain and verify!
Following a conversation earlier with an organisation who has signed up to the Fair Labor Association; we realised the need to examine the ‘difference’ between an orphan and a trafficked child.
An orphan – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orphan
A trafficked child – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trafficking_of_children
“This can stem from a dangerous “movement” stage of trafficking or from specific aspects of the “exploitation” stage, such as hazardous working conditions. Moreover, trafficked children are often denied access to healthcare, effectively increasing their chances of serious injury and death. Trafficked children are also often subject to domestic violence; they may be beaten or starved in order to ensure obedience. In addition, these children frequently encounter substance abuse; they may be given drugs as “payment” or to ensure that they become addicted and thus dependent on their trafficker(s). As opposed to many other forms of crime, the trauma experienced by children who are trafficked is often prolonged and repeated, leading to severe psychological impacts. UN.GIFT reports that trafficked children often suffer from depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder, among other conditions.
Effects on families are also severe. Some families believe that sending or allowing their children to relocate in order to find work will bring in additional income, while in reality many families will never see their trafficked children again. In addition, UN.GIFT has found that certain forms of trafficking, particularly sexual exploitation in girls, bring “shame” to families. Thus, in certain cases, children who are able to escape trafficking may return to their families only to find that they are rejected and ostracized.”
Orphans can be trafficked, trafficked children are put to work.
Trafficked children often have higher emotional & educational needs.
The two groups need different attention & support.
C.R.E.E.R is working for trafficked children, orphans or not! The need for such a centre has already been identified on the ground in Cote d’Ivoire & Ghana due to the lack of these two critical elements of emotional & educational support for ‘our’ group of children.
Your assistance to rehabilitate these children is appreciated in whatever form it may be available!
It’s been mentioned before, there isn’t a centre in the sub-region of West Africa that solely caters for trafficked children. Please search google; we cannot find much about what is happening to the trafficked children, but lots of advocacy about them. Very little action.
Due to ‘M’ the little girl who was found on the beach; C.R.E.E.R was created as we recognised her needs and those of many children that have been trafficked into slavery. They go to orphanages, who don’t have the specialist needs to cater for the emotional needs of the children.
Those are the lucky ones, others are living in the streets having escaped but lost as to where to call ‘home’ having travelled many miles with their trafficker. Without money to return home, scared of adults who may return them to their lives of slavery; they live in the streets living on the scraps they can find.
We’ve always stuck by our claim that we’re the first residential centre offering rehabilitation, education and vocational skills in West Africa to be created solely for trafficked children; until this week!
A few days ago we came across another centre. Not entirely the same but not entirely different. During a phone call to their offices, there were a lot of similarities. They cater for children from Lake Volta in Ghana who are trafficked to work in the fishing industry. Most of the fish isn’t exported so there’s not so much advocacy about it as there is with cocoa production, domestic servitude or prostitution; where the majority of C.R.E.E.R’s future generation are expected to come from.
An incredible conversation, hearing very similar thoughts to what we’ve been dealing with:
1. No one else has a centre in the region, they believe they are the first, although they are mainly working with children from the lake. We are now the second in the West African sub-region.
2. It took them over 18 months to obtain their land; they also experienced endless meetings, false promises and wild goose chases.
3. Local traditions, culture, bureaucracy; they have experienced a lot in Ghana that we’ve experienced in Cote d’Ivoire (& are still experiencing!)
However, we no longer feel as if we’re scraping in the dark with a speck of light at the end of a long tunnel. Their organisation is going from strength to strength; there are facets that we would like to introduce at C.R.E.E.R particularly their art therapy.
So, advocacy is all very well, but action is needed too. We need more help to make our centre a reality & gain action from committed individuals to help fundraise!
What mustn’t be forgotten, although the last few posts have been about cocoa, don’t forget ‘M’ who inspired us to set up C.R.E.E.R to be a safe shelter to educate the children.
She was trafficked but worked in domestic servitude we believe.
As well as cocoa, there’s trafficking for domestic servitude, prostitution & many other areas that the children are trafficked for and become like bonded slaves. They’ve left home often believing they are going to start a new life and to gain an education.
In “Chocolate’s Child Slaves,” CNN’s David McKenzie travels into the heart of the Ivory Coast to investigate children working in the cocoa fields. (More information and air times on CNN International.)
By David McKenzie and Brent Swails, CNN
Daloa, Ivory Coast (CNN) — Chocolate’s billion-dollar industry starts with workers like Abdul. He squats with a gang of a dozen harvesters on an Ivory Coast farm.
Abdul holds the yellow cocoa pod lengthwise and gives it two quick cracks, snapping it open to reveal milky white cocoa beans. He dumps the beans on a growing pile.
Abdul is 10 years old, a three-year veteran of the job.
He has never tasted chocolate.
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The charity, Zoe’s Ark had its founder & partner jailed this week for attempting to take 103 ‘Darfur’ Sudanese children to waiting new parents in France who had paid to receive their new adopted child.
But these children weren’t from Darfur but had families in Chad. AlJazeera has an excellent report of both sides of the argument; was it pure greed by these two or naivety?
http://aje.me/XFxl2q – Link to video of AlJazeera English report & discussion
On our Facebook page, the question was asked after the news broke as to whether it was a new form of child trafficking?
@AJEnglish (AlJazeera English) tweet 15-02-2013
However there are both sides to many stories of child trafficking …
One that broke yesterday was about a 14 year old girl in southern France from Cote d’Ivoire; found living in a house as a cleaner having been bought for 4,500€.
An African friend said when talking about this story that possibly the Ivorian family let their daughter go to France, envisaging a better future.
The same can be said of the death in 2000 of Victoria Adjo Climbié, a young Ivorian from Abobo, Abidjan who went to live with her aunt for a better life and to receive a better education than in Cote d’Ivoire. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Victoria_Climbi%C3%A9
Before setting up any NGO, or indeed any business organisation; research must be done. AlJazeera continue their discussion in the report, in regards to some of the other ‘goodwill’ NGO projects that have previously hit Africa that went terribly wrong, due to the lack of research.
C.R.E.E.R has talked to many experts including a specialist holding a doctorate on the subject who advises us. We’ve talked to the authorities at government and regional level in Cote d’Ivoire. Our Ivorian Director is already known for his responsibility with children in his previous role and one of our French board members works in child protection in France. We are very aware of our role in being responsible for children.